The risk of “monkeypox” is low and the symptoms disappear without treatment

The Abu Dhabi Public Health Center has identified five cases through which the monkeypox virus can be transmitted between people, and seven symptoms of infection, which usually last between two and four weeks and resolve on their own- even without treatment. children may be more likely to develop severe symptoms than adolescents and adults.

In detail, the Abu Dhabi Public Health Center has confirmed that the monkeypox virus is generally not considered highly contagious, as it requires close physical contact with an infectious person to spread among people, so that the risks of this disease to the general public are considered low. , noting that the World Health Organization is responding to this outbreak as a matter of priority to prevent further spread; The cases we are seeing now are not typical of a monkeypox outbreak.

The center explained that monkeypox can be transmitted to people when they come into physical contact with an infected animal, while the risk of infection with the virus from animals can be reduced by avoiding unprotected contact with animals. wild, especially those that are sick or dead, “including meat and blood. » Thoroughly cook all foods containing meat or animal parts before eating.

The center warned that people infected with monkeypox are contagious, as they show symptoms for a period of two to four weeks, noting that transmission of the virus between people can occur through close physical contact with someone with symptoms. symptoms, including rashes, skin pus, as well as the use of virus-contaminated clothing, bedding, towels, and kitchen utensils when in contact with an infected person.

Reasons for transmission of infection from a pregnant woman to the fetus include the placenta, or from an infected parent to a child during or after delivery through skin contact, in addition to transmission through mouth sores, where the virus can be spread through saliva, pointing to people most susceptible to infection Infected people are those who come into close contact with an infectious person, including healthcare workers, family members and spouses , while it is uncertain whether people without symptoms can spread the disease.

The center pointed out that symptoms of monkeypox usually include fever, severe headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, rashes or sores, as the rash begins usually within one to three days of onset of fever and may be flat. or slightly raised, filled with a clear or yellowish liquid, then it can form a crust, dry up and fall off. The number of lesions on a person can vary from a few to several thousand. The rash tends to be concentrated on the face, palms, and soles, and it can also be found in the mouth, genitals, and eyes.

The center stressed that the symptoms usually last between two and four weeks and disappear on their own without treatment, stressing the importance of seeing the doctor if you suspect symptoms that could be monkeypox, and seeking advice from the provider. health care. or in case of close contact with a person suspected of being infected. Regarding the possibility of death for people with monkeypox, the center confirmed that in most cases the symptoms of monkeypox go away on their own within a few weeks, but for some people their infection can lead to medical complications ranging from until death, and neonates, children, and people with a deficiency may be at risk. Underlying immunity at risk of developing more severe symptoms and dying from monkeypox.

He explained that complications of severe cases of monkeypox include skin infections, pneumonia, confusion and eye infections that can lead to loss of vision, and that around 3-6% of reported cases have resulted in death in countries. recently endemic, mainly in children. who may have other health conditions, and it is important to note that this may be overstated, as surveillance in endemic countries is limited.

For its part, the Abu Dhabi Ministry of Health has called on all health facilities operating in the emirate to investigate monkeypox and report any suspected, potential or confirmed cases through the electronic disease reporting system. diseases, noting that this procedure comes within the framework of its measures to combat communicable diseases and limit their spread, to protect society and to preserve public health.

She pointed out that detecting the monkeypox virus early and controlling the spread of infection is one of the effective ways to reduce infection and prevent disease, noting that she constantly coordinates with the country’s health authorities to implement all strict preventive measures with regard to infectious diseases. diseases to safeguard the public health of members of society.

It should be noted that the name monkeypox was given to this disease because it was first identified in colonies of monkeys kept for research in 1958, and was only later discovered in humans in 1970 .

protection

The Abu Dhabi Public Health Center has confirmed the possibility of reducing the risk of monkeypox infection, by limiting contact with people suspected or confirmed to have monkeypox, and if physical contact with an infected person ” health worker or housing partner” is needed, the infected person should self-isolate by covering any skin lesions if possible, wearing a medical mask, avoiding skin-to-skin contact as much as possible, using disposable gloves and not handling or touching the personal effects of the injured person.

The center has asked for regular hand washing with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially after touching the infected person or other surfaces they have touched, washing the person’s clothing and personal effects with warm water and detergents, sterilizing contaminated surfaces and disposing of contaminated waste appropriately.

• The Abu Dhabi Health Authority has asked health institutions operating in the emirate to investigate monkey pox.

• 4 week incubation period for monkeypox virus.

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